Summary of Qualifications
Mr. Fairaizl is a senior wildlife biologist who began his professional career in 1976 and has over 30 years of experience with Federal and State wildlife management agencies. He has been a Certified Wildlife Biologist since 1991. He has worked with big game, small game, non-game, migratory birds, resident game birds, predators, threatened & endangered species, and special status species. Steve has extensive experience with wildlife capture and handling using both chemical and mechanical methods. He has written numerous management plans, relocation, reintroduction, and restoration proposals, monitoring reports, habitat assessments, and population life history reports. Steve has a unique ability to interact with people and the news media to present complex and often controversial wildlife issues in layman’s terms thereby building consensus and coalitions to complete the job.
T&E Recovery Projects:
Mexican Gray Wolf Reintroduction. Participated on a task force to reintroduce the Mexican Gray Wolf to the Desert Ecosystems in Arizona and New Mexico. Completed an extensive ecosystem analysis to identify suitable relocation sites. Constructed pens to temporarily house relocated wolfs and allow acclimation to the desert ecosystem. Conducted food habits analysis and prey availability surveys. Identified suitable denning territories. Completed population viability, survivability, and sustainability studies. Conducted population monitoring and tracking of Mexican Wolves. Conducted damage assessments and initiated control actions. Captured and relocated escaped wolves. Result has been a self sustaining wild wolf population that has grown from 12 to 65 animals.
California Condor Reintroduction. Participated on a task force to reintroduce the Endangered California Condor to Desert Ecosystems in Arizona and Utah. Completed an extensive ecosystem analysis to identify relocation sites containing suitable cliff habitat for roosting, soaring, and nesting. Constructed pens to temporarily house relocated condors and allow for acclimation to the desert ecosystem. Developed an artificial feeding program to improve sustainability of the population until natural foraging behavior developed. Completed population viability, survivability, and sustainability studies Conducted population monitoring and tracking of radio collared condors. Evaluated USDA operational programs for impacts to condors. Conducted lead monitoring for contamination surveillance in the surrounding ecosystem. Result has been a self sustaining wild nesting condor population that has grown from 19 to 50 birds.
Black Footed Ferret Reintroduction. Participated on a task force to reintroduce the Endangered Black Footed Ferret to Desert Ecosystems in Arizona. Completed an extensive ecosystem analysis to identify relocation sites containing suitable foraging and burrowing habitat. Conducted extensive prairie dog surveys to determine food availability and escape habitat for ferrets. Developed sustainability analysis to determine minimum prairie dog town densities needed for ferret survival. Conducted population viability, survivability, and sustainability studies. Studies documented a need for coyote control to increase ferret survival. Conducted predator control to increase ferret survivability. Conducted canine distemper monitoring for ferret survival. Result of project is a self sustaining wild ferret population that has grown for 30 to over 200 animals.
Jaguar Surveys. Conducted track surveys and trailed jaguars with trained dogs. Investigated jaguar sightings and depredation complaints. Identified habitat and food requirements needed to establish a self sustaining population of jaguars. Established criteria used to identify jaguar territories including denning sites, forage base, markers for scrapes, and minimum population densities.
Section 7 Consultations:
Effects of Predator Damage Management in Arizona. USDA Wildlife Services. Completed a BA to evaluate the impacts of predator control actions on the California Condor, Threatened Fish, Jaguar, Mexican Gray Wolf, Southwestern Willow Flycatcher. Analyzed direct, indirect, and cumulative impacts of agency actions.
Programmatic Biological Assessment for the Mexican Wolf, California Condor, and Wolverine on BLM lands in Colorado. Bureau of Land Management. Completed a BA in consultation with the US Fish and Wildlife Service and the Colorado Division of Wildlife. Analyzed impacts of BLM land management activities on these sensitive species.
Biological Assessment for the Construction of an Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Road. Sky Harbor International Airport. Completed a BE to evaluate impacts of construction and habitat management on the California Brown Pelican, Bald Eagle, and the Yuma Clapper Rail. Analyzed direct, indirect, and cumulative impacts of agency actions.
Biological Assessment for Canoa Ranch. Pima County Waste Water Management Division. Supervised and managed Pima Pineapple Cactus and Native Plant Protection Ordinance Surveys. Established a contract with Fairfield Homes to conduct a BA for installation of sewer trunk. Assisted in formal Section 7 consultation with the USFWS
Biological Evaluation for Silver Bell Road. Pima County Department of Transportation. Responsibilities: Supervised and assisted in the preparation of a Biological Evaluation (BE) for the widening of Silver Bell) Road Coordinated with the USFWS and T&E issues.
Emergency Section 7 Consultation for Drainage Way #7. Pima County Waste Water Management Division. Coordinated with the USFWS to obtain emergency authorization for replacement of a sewer trunk. Supervised the completion of pygmy owl surveys and reports.
Biological Evaluation for Pellotita and Torres Blancas. Pima County Waste Water Management Division. Responsibilities: Prepared nationwide 404 permit applications and submitted to the US Army Corp of Engineers. Coordinated with the Corp for emergency authorization for repairs and replacements. Coordinated with the USFWS for pygmy owl surveys and habitat delineation.
Biological Evaluation for the Utopia Sanitary Line. City of Phoenix. Completed a biological evaluation for the installation of a new sewer line. Identified habitat components for the Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl according to US Army Corps of Engineers guidelines. Completed Section 7 consultation with the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Biological Evaluation for Rancho Paloma. City of Phoenix. Completed a biological evaluation for construction of a new roadway alignment. Identified habitat components for the Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl according to US Army Corps of Engineers guidelines. Completed Section 7 consultation with the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Biological Evaluation for Deer Valley Road. City of Phoenix. Completed a biological evaluation for construction of a new roadway alignment. Identified habitat components for the Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl according to US Army Corps of Engineers guidelines. Completed Section 7 consultation with the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Biological Review for the San Francisco Giants Spring Training Facility. City of Scottsdale. Completed a biological review for construction of this facility in Indian Bend Wash. Analyzed project related impacts to threatened and endangered species and State sensitive species.
Biological Review for the Lake Havasu City Wastewater Treatment Plant. Lake Havasu City. Completed a biological review for construction of this facility near the airport. Analyzed project related impacts to threatened and endangered species. Identified design recommendations which would reduce the attractiveness of the facility to bird species known to be hazardous to aviation.
Habitat Restoration and Wildlife Management Projects
Rio Salado Habitat Restoration Project. Participated on a task force to develop and construct a habitat restoration project on the highly disturbed Salt River in south central Arizona. The plan identified native plant species suitable for reintroduction and sources of supply for both nursery stock and seeds. The plan also identified native soils suitable for native plant reintroduction. The plan identified riparian and upland areas in the river bed and minimum plant densities needed to reestablish a native mesquite bosque. Developed an irrigation plan to assure initial plant survival and long term sustainability. Developed a weed control plan to prevent invasive species colonization. Completed erosion control and stormwater pollution prevention plans.
56 Priority Vulnerable Species. Pima County Waste Water Management Division. Supervised and managed resources needed to evaluate the impacts of Priority Vulnerable Species surveys on agency operations. Assisted in drafting an impact report. Assisted in planning for survey protocol development.
NPPO Implementation Policy. Pima County Waste Water Management Division. Supervised and assisted hi drafting an implementation policy aimed at establishing a protocol for agency use in implementing provisions of the Pima County Native Plant Protection Ordinance.
Programmatic Maintenance Protocol. Pima County Waste Water Management Division. Supervised and developed a protocol for Operations that established a decision tree for use by agency personnel in evaluating environmental impacts. The protocol identified T&E species, priority vulnerable species, native plants, species habitat maps, and environmental regulations that impact agency operations.
Wildlife depredation control. Used various methods to prevent livestock depredations. Nonlethal methods included repellants, aversion agents, exclusionary devices, scare devices, and pyrotechnics. Lethal controls included: traps, snares, and firearms. Used a number of chemicals to capture and handle wildlife. Obtained necessary permits to capture and remove wildlife.
Mule deer and Whitetail deer population monitoring. Conducted pellet group counts and read browse transects using the Parker 3-step method. Data collected was used to monitor population and habitat trends and establish hunting quotas.
Sapphire Elk Study: Trapped elk and attached radio transmitter collars. Monitored radio collars to determine elk home range and seasonal movements in the Sapphire Mountains of SW Montana.
Fred Burr Canyon Mountain Goat Survey: Conducted weekly foot surveys for Rocky Mountain Goats in the Fred Burr Canyon area of the Selaway Bitterroot Wilderness area of SW Montana. Population data led to changes in management and harvest regulations.
Population Studies of Bighorn Sheep in North Dakota: Captured Bighorn Sheep and attached radio transmitter collars. Monitored radio collars to determine home range, seasonal and daily movements, food habits, and effects of development.
Use of Lure Crops to alleviate Waterfowl Depredations: Designed and implemented a project to purchase standing grain as food for migrating waterfowl. These designated feeding areas served to lure ducks into desirable areas preventing damage to surrounding crops.
Sunflower Damage Assessment Survey. Conducted Statewide blackbird damage survey to the North Dakota Sunflower crop.
Sea Bird Population Monitoring: Captured and banded 14 species of migratory sea birds to determine population status and seasonal movements in the French Frigate Shoals Atoll.
Feral Cat Control. Surveyed numerous remote island refuges in the Hawaiian Islands NWR complex, including Jarvis, Rose Atoll, Midway, Johnston, and Guam. Initiated management plans to reduce depredation to sea birds.
Distribution of Western Canada Goose Population: Captured and banded Canada Geese in Western Nevada. Band return data used to establish population home range, seasonal movements, and flyway management recommendations.
Characteristics of Depredating Mountain Lions: Analyzed population data from 350 depredation control actions to determine population characteristics of offending animals.
West Nile Virus Monitoring and Management. City of Phoenix. Designed a plan to monitor COP storm drains for mosquitoes capable of transmitting West Nile Virus. Designed process flow chart, field datasheets and database. Coordinated field work by temporary and full time biologists. Sampled pools of standing water for mosquito larvae and arranged for pesticide treatments to remove larvae. Coordinated with Maricopa County Vector Control for sampling and adult mosquito treatments.
Hawaiian Monk Seal Population Surveys: Conducted daily and monthly surveys of the endangered Hawaiian Monk Seal on Tern Island and the surrounding French Frigate Shoals Atoll. Data used to determine population status, seasonal movements, and to identify individual animals.
Green Sea Turtle Population Monitoring: Tagged threatened green sea turtles in the French Frigate Shoals Atoll to gather data on population status and seasonal movements.
Pima Pineapple Cactus Surveys. Conducted transect surveys for the endangered cactus for Pima County Wastewater. Project was located along the Ajo Highway west of Tucson and documented two previously unknown populations. Completed formal consultation with FWS and established acceptable mitigations for development.
Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy Owl Surveys. Conducted population surveys and monitoring for the endangered CFPO. Project was conducted for Pima County Wastewater and located at various sites within the Tucson metropolitan area.
Mexican Spotted Owl Survey: Conducted population surveys and monitoring for the endangered Mexican Spotted Owl on Fort Huachuca. Assisted in several of the nighttime surveys, data tabulation, and report preparation. Severed as Project Manager to coordinate scope, schedule, and budget.
Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Survey: Conducted population surveys and monitoring for the endangered SWIFL. Assisted in several surveys, data tabulation, and report preparation. Severed as Project Manager to coordinate scope, schedule, and budget.
Huachuca Water Umbel Surveys. Conducted population monitoring and surveys for known meta-populations of the endangered water umbel. Surveyed the San Pedro Natural Conservation Area and Fort Huachuca. Documented several previously unknown populations. Established transects to measure plant density and population viability of known populations.
Lesser Long Nosed Bat. Conducted presence absence surveys and reproductive success surveys in bat caves on Fort Huachuca. Severed as Project Manager to coordinate scope, schedule, and budget with researchers from the University of Arizona.
Peregrine Falcon and Northern Goshawk Surveys. Conducted presence absence and nesting success surveys on Fort Huachuca. Assisted in several surveys, data tabulation, and report preparation. Severed as Project Manager to coordinate scope, schedule, and budget.
Protected Native Plant Surveys: Conducted surveys for native plants protected under State and County laws. Survey data used by land owners to determine mitigations for housing developments.